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Spring Semester 2019/2020

Faculty of Language Studies

EL122 : Writing Research

KSA Take-Home Exam

April 26th 2020

This Exam Consists ofTHREE Questions. Please Check the Below Table for Grades Distribution:

Exam Parts

Earned Points

Grader’s Signature

QuestionI

/50

QuestionII

/30

Question III

/20

/100

No. of Exam Pages Including Cover Page: 7

Question I: Read the following article then answer the questions below: [50 Points]

Article Publication information:

Author: Njib Show

Article’s Title: Beyond Identity

Date of Publication: 2017

Page: 204

Beyond Identity

We often think of ourselves as our body, mind, and emotions. However, we also often talk about a person’s soul. Is there any scientific basis for the soul? Surprisingly, there is. Each unique personality a person has (even in circumstances of amnesia and other illnesses), the feeling and identity of the self beyond age (especially experienced as we grow older), and our inevitable subjective experience as an individual comprise a scientific foundation for the soul.

Despite the constant shift in the links between our brain cells, we remain essentially the same personality. This consistency is most stark in the case of mentally ill patients or people who have experienced memory loss. In his book The Perpetual Now: A Story of Amnesia, Memory and Love, science journalist Michael Lemonick tells the story of Lonni Sue, a commercial artist who suffered brain damage as a result of a viral infection. She was left unable to recall her past or to form new memories; hence the book’s title. Lemonick assumed that Lonni Sue, when she lost her memories, lost her self. Because what are we but our memories? But once he got to know Lonni Sue, as well as people who knew her before and after her injury, Lemonick discovered that herself had not been destroyed. She was still cheerful in a way that made people around her feel better, and she was still creative and playful, drawing pictures crammed with visual and verbal puns. So, despite memory loss, we still retain the essence of our personality. Basically, no matter what happens to our brain, our unique personality seems to shine through.

Besides one’s personality being present despite memory loss, the soul of a person can be identified through one’s consciousness. Though we commonly identify with our body and what we see in the mirror, we also have a sense that we are not a certain age—as our sense of self usually leans less on age and rather on our subjective feeling of who we are in essence. So, we have an identity that is more of a physical manifestation, and another identity that encapsulates our character. Often, behaviorally, people see their character as eternal rather than bound by age.

Lastly, each person is inevitably subjective about his or her experience. Despite humans being very similar to each other in DNA and overall composition, our perception of reality is vastly different from individual to individual. According to Psychology Today, “While neuroscience has made tremendous progress illuminating the functioning of the brain, why we have a subjective experience remains mysterious. The problem of the soul lies exactly here, in understanding the nature of the self, the “I” in existence that feels and lives life.

The soul of a person is incredibly challenging to prove scientifically. However, with each person’s personality being unique, the behavioral quality of thinking of the self beyond age, and our inevitable subjective experience, we can say that the soul has some basis in science. These realities of our behavior

  • What is the topic of this article? [5 Points]
  • What is the focus used by the author for discussion and
  • Form a research question to this article/essay. [10 Points]
  • Paraphrase the following lines. They are underlined in the article: [10 Points]
  • Choose the correct format of in-text citation in the form of direct quotation. The quotation is taken from the above article and is written in italics and bold: [5 Points]
  • Provide a summary of the article: [15 Points]

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elaboration? [5 Points]

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“Besides one’s personality being present despite memory loss, the soul of a person can be identified through one’s consciousness. Though we commonly identify with our body and what we see in the mirror, we also have a sense that we are not a certain age—as our sense of self usually leans less on age and rather on our subjective feeling of who we are in essence”

Attempted Paraphrase:

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  • According to Show “She was still cheerful in a way that made people around her feel better, and she was still creative and playful, drawing pictures crammed with visual and verbal puns. So, despite memory loss, we still retain the essence of our personality” in his article on Beyond Identity.
  • In citing Lonni Sue case of memory loss, the case proves that memory loss does not affect the reality and nature of a person’s innermost soul as the patient “was still cheerful in a way that made people around her feel better, and she was still creative and playful, drawing pictures crammed with visual and verbal puns. So, despite memory loss, we still retain the essence of our personality” (Show 2017).
  • According to the article “She was still cheerful in a way that made people around her feel better, and she was still creative and playful, drawing pictures crammed with visual and verbal puns. So, despite memory loss, we still retain the essence of our personality” in his article on Beyond Identity page 204.

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Question 2: The below are 3 samples of research proposals submitted on the topic “What Makes Some People Charismatic?”. Evaluate each proposal in accordance to the criteria of writing a research proposal and write your comments on each: [30 points/ 10 points each]

  • The truth is that charisma is a learned behavior, a skill to be developed in much the same way that we learned to walk or practice vocabulary when studying a new language. Other desirable traits, like wealth or appearance, are undoubtedly linked to likability, but being born without either doesn’t preclude you from being charismatic.
  • After attending a class to a highly charismatic life coach, the question that kept buzzing into my head was: what makes some people appealing to a wide range of audience? Are they born charismatic? If so, what is charisma? I kept reading and found out that it’s been studied by experts through the ages, including Plato. There are, however, two undisputed truths. The first is that we are almost supernaturally drawn to some people, particularly those we like. Though this is not always the case; we can just as easily be drawn in by a charismatic villain. The second truth is that we are terrible at putting a finger on what it is that makes these people so captivating. Beyond surface-level observations — a nice smile, or the ability to tell a good story — few of us can quantify, in an instant, what makes charismatic people so magnetic.
  • The most charismatic people in a roomare those who speak metaphorically, providing substance to a conversation through exemplary use of anecdotes and comparisons. They aren’t recounting events but paraphrasing action while using facial gestures, energetic body language and vocal inflections to frame key points. The quickest way to be more likable is to get out and practice being more likable. It starts at home, by removing your own self-doubt and focusing instead on being an active participant in conversations and interactions with others. It is important to be liked by others.

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Question 3: Give Reasons Why Each of the Below Cited Harward Entries are INCORRECT:

[20 Points – 10 Points/Each]

  • Why is this an incorrect e-book reference entry according to the Harvard Referencing Style?
  • Why is this an incorrect online magazine article reference entry according to the Harvard Referencing Style?

A. 2010, 1000 solved problems in modern physics, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin, viewed 3 April 2014.

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Zahos, E 2018, Money, viewed 13 February 2018.

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