establishing architectural parameters and case study research assignment overview –

Establishing Architectural Parameters and Case Study Research

Assignment Overview

In this assignment, you will be introduced to the course project. Begin by reviewing the Design Program information, “Design Program 2B Popular Culture Institute,” on pages 175–176 of your Space Planning Basics textbook and the Building Description on pages 198–199 of your Space Planning Basics textbook. This information will provide you with an overview of the building for the course project and the client’s requirements. You will then download and print the Popular Culture Institute’s existing building shell and study the architectural parameters of the building. After getting to know the building for the course project in Part I, you will then research a case study of a similar facility to gain further insight into designing this type of building.

Assignment Description

Part 1 – Identify Architectural Parameters

First, get to know and understand the course project, Popular Culture Institute by identifying existing architectural parameters which may impact planning and organizational direction. (These parameters may also include restrictions which impact final planning direction.) Referring to the Popular Culture Institute’s building shell you were provided, create an outline in Microsoft Word or PowerPoint with the following bullet points and identify how they will affect your design decisions:

• Size:

Measure the interior of the building shell to determine square footage of the building. To do this you must print the building shell on 8.5×11. When printing the building shell, be sure to not change the scale of the drawing and select actual size if available in your printer dialogue box. Then measure the interior corner to corner using the 1/8” side of your architectural scale ruler to find the square footage of the building (ex: length x width = square feet). For tips on how to measure the shell,i will include later

• Circulation Patterns:

When a space is unfurnished, the architecture usually provides a natural direction in the space. This would be the

direction you would naturally walk in when entering a space.

• Planning Features or Focal Points:

Identify any architectural focal points in the space (ex: a wall of windows, columns, high ceilings, etc).

• Interior zoning and orientation considerations:

This refers to the direction toward which the windows face. From this, you can identify the amount of sun (heat) and natural light the room will have (ex: Window faces west).

• Functional Efficiencies:

Identify opportunities for sharing resources such as utilities, walls, or services (ex: plumbing fixtures will share a wall).

• Positives and negatives of the space:

All spaces have their own advantages and disadvantages. Make note of any of these that you see on the plan (ex: Positives—Large window, good natural light, several unbroken walls to use for furniture; Negatives—None).

Part 2 – Research Case Study

Researching examples of what already exists will help you gain insight into your course project.Conduct research using the online library or using reputable online sources and locate a facility that has exhibit space and multi-functional meeting rooms or offices, such as an art gallery, community center, or small museum. . Your research should include:

• The name and location of the facility

• A description of architectural features

• A description of how the spaces within the facility are organized

• An explanation of how the facility was designed to move people throughout the spaces

• A discussion of any other special considerations that affect how people use the space

The goal is for you to become familiar with the course project by learning about a project that is similar in nature to the Popular Culture Institute. . . In at least 300 words, write a summary of your findings. Remember to use in-text citations in your writing and to provide full references for all sources using MLA format. Include at least two images in your case study summary and cite the source for the images.

Submission Details:

1. Combine Parts 1 and 2 into a single Adobe PDF, which needs to be less than 2.5 MB in size, and post it to the Discussion Area on the next page.

2. Name your file as AI_INTA111_W1_A3_alomran_l.pdf.




A large urban university in a suburbanlike setting at the edge of the city limits plans to house a new Popular Culture Institute. With an established reputation in the social sciences and several esteemed faculty involved in popular culture and futurism, the university expects to become part of an international network of similar institutions participating in the exchange of traveling exhibits and programs. In addition to regularly changing exhibits, the institute will initiate many conference and seminar programs. Because the exhibits will include many formats and media, it is necessary for the exhibit space to provide maximum flexibility.

The general atmosphere generated by the interior planning and design should be one of energy and currency, avoiding any suggestion of institutional quality or museum stodginess. Most traffic will flow from the entry/reception space to the main exhibit area and the meeting room, with secondary traffic to the curator’s and assistant’s offices. Exhibit deliveries are infrequent enough so as to not require a separate service entrance, but if the potential for a separate service entry exists, direct access from that point to the workroom is desirable.

Special Requirements

  • The meeting room and the curator’s office require acoustic privacy.
  • The curator and the administrative assistant work closely together, and their offices should be arranged to accommodate that relationship.
  • The administrative assistant will supervise shipping and receiving as well as the part-time employees involved in exhibit construction in the workroom.
  • Natural light and view are desirable for all of the spaces and functions, but window placement in the main exhibit space must be carefully planned so as not to limit exhibit design and planning potential; all windows shall be provided with shading treatments.
  • The building code requires that rooms or spaces seating more than 30 people shall have two remote means of egress.
  • The entire facility shall be barrier-free in concept and dimension.

Program Requirements

A. Entry/Reception

  • A reception desk, at least 4‘-6” w, serviced by work-study student help, as an entry point information desk; desk shall contain pedestal drawers for the storage of handout literature.
  • Bench or benches to seat three to four people should not encourage lengthy occupancy.
  • Wall-mounted literature track with face size of about 15 to 20 sq. ft. (4” d).
  • Bulletin board for coming events and announcements, about 20 to 24 sq. ft.

B. Meeting Room

  • Flexible lecture/seminar room to seat 24 auditorium style or 14 at a centrally placed conference table.
  • The room should be divisible by a folding partition of high acoustic value to accommodate small conferences of six people in each part.
  • Credenza for beverage service and storage of pencils and paper; the credenza should be available when the room is used as one large space or two smaller spaces.
  • Ceiling-recessed projection screen, 6‘ w, placed for classroom viewing when the room is set up to seat 24 people, and a ceiling-mounted digital projector.
  • A marker-board wall, at least 32 sq. ft. in size, shall be placed for classroom viewing and not obscured by the projection screen.

C. Main Exhibit Area—600 sq. ft.

  • An open, flexible space for a variety of exhibit formats. The ceiling grid shall be designed to accept the verticals of a modular exhibit system. Track lighting is the primary illumination system.
  • In special circumstances, the space will be used for lectures or presentations, seating up to 45 people.
  • Ceiling-recessed projection screen, 8‘ w, located for lecture/presentation viewing, and a ceiling-mounted digital projector.

D. Curator’s Office

  • Primary desk surface of at least 18 sq. ft. with secondary surface of at least 10 sq. ft.; a flat-screen monitor, keyboard tray, and small desktop printer; at least one box/file drawer pedestal.
  • Lateral files, 18 lin. ft.
  • Bookshelves, 30 lin. ft., 12” d.
  • Managerial task chair and three guest chairs.
  • A casual seating/conference arrangement is preferred (the curator does not have to sit behind a desk).

E. Administrative Assistant

  • A functional workstation with 20 to 25 sq. ft. of work surface; a flat screen monitor, keyboard tray, and small desktop printer; and two box/file drawer pedestals.
  • Lateral files, 24 lin. ft.
  • Book/manual shelves, 12 lin. ft., 12” d.
  • Operational task chair and one guest chair.

F. Workroom

  • Workbench (72” w x 36” d x 36” h) with 12 lin. ft. of 8”-d shelves above.
  • Modular steel shelving two units that are 36” w x 12” d x 78” h and two units that are 36” w x 18” d x 78” h.
  • Storage area for modular exhibit systems parts (56” w x 28” d × full height); this area shall be separated from other workroom areas by a partition or permanent panel.
  • Storage area for two-stack chair dollies 24” sq. and six folding tables with 72” x 36” top surface.
  • Central worktable (78” w x 42” d x 36” h)
  • Four workbench stools.
  • Lumber/crate storage, two divided spaces, each 48” w x 30” d × full height; areas to be separated from other areas by a partition or permanent panel.
  • Two portable coat racks (60” w x 18” d x 58” h).

G. Serving Kitchen

  • Min. of 12 sq. ft. counter, with full complement of base and wall cabinets.
  • Single-bowl sink, 25” w; two-burner commercial coffee urn; cabinet-hung microwave; under-counter warming oven, 30” w; stand-up refrigerator, 32” w.

H. Unisex Restrooms (2)

  • One lavatory, one toilet
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Case Study 4

  • The case studies to this point have dealt primarily with stairs between two full-height floors. Although most stairs are designed for settings of this kind, it is not at all uncommon for stairs to serve intermediate floor levels. The “split-level” houses of the 1950s were based on creating intermediate levels for different living functions. Sloping terrain often generates a design solution with staggered floor levels. On occasion, in the renovation of older buildings, particularly those with low or constraining ceiling heights, floor levels will be adjusted to open up spaces. There is also the occasional need to join two adjacent buildings with unaligned floor levels.Buildings with intermediate floor levels have the potential for creating visually exciting spaces and vistas. They also tend to present complex and difficult-to-resolve stair design problems. Because interior conditions with intermediate floor levels are not the norm, it is not possible to present a typical condition or conditions; they tend to be special cases directly related to specific conditions or settings. The case study presented here illustrates one of the several possible intermediate floor level circumstances that designers may encounter.This case study involves an early twentieth-century townhouse in Chicago’s affluent Gold Coast residential area. Those townhouses are typically large and grand but rarely satisfy contemporary lifestyles without significant renovation. As was typical of many of the large urban houses of this type, this townhouse went through significant renovations, including conversion to six small apartments in the 1940s. The original exterior condition is essentially intact, but most of its original interior architectural detail has been lost.In a desire to create more open and flowing spaces geared to today’s lifestyles, the renovation proposal calls for the removal of all of the original second floor and portions of the original first and third floors, as well as all of the original stairs. The result is a six-level house with high-ceilinged living and entertaining spaces opening out to a rear garden, as seen in the revised floor plans and sections of Illustration 9.38. New floor levels have been designated, starting with the original basement (level B) for the family room, the original first floor (level 1F) for the entry and library, the newly created floor levels 1R (living room) and 2F (master bedroom), the original third floor (level 2R) for a guest room, and the original fourth floor (level 3) for guest/maid rooms and a studio with abundant daylight. The new central stair should have risers at a comfortable height, consistent with the relative luxury of the house, and the risers must maintain a consistent height throughout.First three diagrams show plan of second floor, first floor and circular staircase of a building. Bottom right image shows cross sectional design of the building.First three diagrams show plan of second floor, first floor and circular staircase of a building. Bottom right image shows cross sectional design of the building.First three diagrams show plan of second floor, first floor and circular staircase of a building. Bottom right image shows cross sectional design of the building.First three diagrams show plan of second floor, first floor and circular staircase of a building. Bottom right image shows cross sectional design of the building.First three diagrams show plan of second floor, first floor and circular staircase of a building. Bottom right image shows cross sectional design of the building.First three diagrams show plan of second floor, first floor and circular staircase of a building. Bottom right image shows cross sectional design of the building.Illus. 9–38 Case Study 4The two unchanged floor-to-floor dimensions are from the entry (level 1F) to the basement (level B) of 8′-1″, or 97″, and from the rear guest room (level 2R) to the studio (level 3) of 9′-1″, or 109″. The entry level to the basement can be accomplished with 15 risers at 6.466 inches (87 inches ÷ 15), and the rear guest level (2R) to the studio (level 3) can be accomplished with 17 risers at 6.441 inches (109.5 inches divided by 17). Connecting the entry (level 1F) to the rear guest room (level 2R), a vertical distance of 19′- 5″, or 233 inches, can be accomplished with 36 risers at 6.472 inches (233 inches ÷ 36). Levels 1R and 2F are established by the desired number of risers between levels. Level 1R is set 11 risers above level 1F (approximately 5′-11″); level 2F is set 14 risers above level 1R (approximately 7′- 6″); and level 2R is set 11 risers above level 2F (approximately 5′-11″). With all risers virtually the same height (between 6.441 and 6.472 inches), a tread depth of 12 inches has been selected, and a new stair width of 3′-6″ used throughout all levels of the contiguous dogleg stair. With this proposed renovation, a very different kind of residence, with a more dynamic spatial quality, has been created.The arithmetic manipulations required to create new floor levels can be complex and tedious, but the rewards of potentially interesting spaces connected by stairs that contribute to the sequential spatial flow may more than balance the difficulty. (For additional case studies of stairs that serve intermediate floor levels, see Case Studies 4A and B in the companion web site [Illustrations CW-7 and CW-8].)


  • The case studies in Phase I focused exclusively on stair planning, without concern for stair construction or architectural details. Although detailed stair elements, such as handrails and tread nosings, are shown in the small-scale plan and section drawings of the Phase I case studies, the more detailed issues relating to dimensions, configurations, and materials were not addressed. The case studies in this section focus on the basics of those details, providing studies based on wood, steel, and concrete construction. The possible variations in stair detailing are unlimited. Several publications contain photographs of stairs; some have detailed drawings of highly customized stair design solutions (see the recommended reading list on page 189). A note of caution: Many of the photographed stairs do not comply with the requirements of the IBC; in some cases, this is because they predate the code; in other cases, the code requirements did not apply or were ignored. The stair details in this section are essentially conventional in nature and are meant to serve as an introduction for your development of less conventional future design solutions